Due to dynamic advancement in technology, the computer age has dominated almost every manual and semi-computerized system. Information systems are increasingly important for measuring and improving the quality and coverage of health services. The global shift from curative to preventive care, from hospital care to community and public health care, from centralized to decentralized health care, from a specific project approach to a comprehensive sectoral approach, has necessitated the restructuring of fragmented health information systems into single comprehensive health and management information systems. The restructuring of health information systems has become an important trend in the entire developing world since the adoption of primary health care as a global strategy for achieving the ‘health for all’ goals (Campbell 1997). Ever since the restructuring or strengthening of information systems has been a learning process.
This project will be in the area of Management Information Systems (MIS). An Information System (IS) is a set of interrelated components that collect (or retrieve), process, store and disseminates information to support decision making and control in an organization (Mingers, J., and Stowell, F 1997).
A Management Information System (MIS) is typically a computer-based system, that collects, processes data (information) and provides it to managers at all levels that use it for decision making, planning, program implementation, and is comprised of all the components that collect manipulate and disseminate data or information.
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Many hospitals and other health units in Uganda and other developing countries have started to solve problems of strategic planning and management of their data using management information systems just a number of years ago. These systems use databases as a medium of data storage. Kendall (2004) asserts that the center of any information management system is a database which is simply a collection of any related data and it provides a long-term memory for the Information systems which contains entities and relationships among them.
Management Information System (MIS) is a subset of overall internal control of a business covering the application of people, documents, technologies, and management accounts to solve business problems such as the cost of a product, services or a business-wide strategy. Management information systems are distinct from regular Information Systems in that they are used to analyze other information systems applied in operational activities in an organization.
Academically the term is used to refer to a group of information management methods tied to the automation or support of human decision making. MIS is a collection of systems and subsystems that work in organizations to computerize the routine activities. MIS in middle management provides exception reports for top managers to make and take the long and short-term decisions (Yuen 2003). Yuen Further asserts that MIS is important to managers in different organizations in enabling them to determine the aims of that organization, making long-term plans, distributing resources, determining the performance of that organization and its successes.MIS quickens decision making and reduces workloads and responsibilities in any organization.
MIS facilitates the integration of specialized activities by keeping each department aware of the problems and requirements of other departments in that organization. It connects all decision centers in the organization.MIS serves as a link between managerial planning, controls and improves the ability of management to evaluate and improve performance.