Project Report on “EMPLOYEES ABSENTEEISM”

INTRODUCTION: Important characteristics of Indian workers are that, they are in the habit of abstaining from work compared to workers of other countries. The rate of Absenteeism ranges from 4.3% to 44.8%.It also varies with the seasons in the year, the highest being during May, June of every year. The main reasons for absenteeism are sickness, accidents or maternity. These factors accounted for about I.I to 6.6%. Social and religions causes as high as 1.7% to 14.2 %.Other causes like visiting villages for attending litigation, rest and recreation account for 0.1% to 17.5 % of total absenteeism. Absenteeism is directly effects on the progress of the country and as such the companies are facing a downward trend due to recession and all that are involved in the process are to be looked into.

So I have selected this work at A1 Exporters Pvt. Ltd., to identify the level of absenteeism and to facilitate the company to move in this direction and find some progressive results. Naturally organization has to look in to these aspects and need to find suitable remedial measures so that qualitative and quantitative progress can be achieved. In this present study Employees Absenteeism is analyzed in depth.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

There are 3 types, they are

1. Explorative

2. Descriptive

3. Experimental

Descriptive methodology is used in the present study.

Data Sources

Primary Data:

The Primary data was collected from the respondents by administering a structured questionnaire and also through observations, interviews & discussion with Management team.

Secondary Data

Apart from Primary data. The secondary data is being collected through Text books, records of A1 Exporter Pvt. Limited, Journals from Library, Academic Reports, and Internet, used for this study.

Sampling: Sample Population

There are total 115 employees working in the organization.

Sample Size:

Out of the total population, the sample taken among respondents from the quality department is 95.

Sampling Area:

The research was conducted at quality department of A1 Exporter Pvt. Limited Hassan.

Sample Method:

The research was made by the survey in accordance to the convenience of the employees. So the sample type is convenience sampling.

TOOLS USED FOR ANALYSIS

Instrument:

A structured Questionnaire is used and the type of questionnaire is target questions.

Method:

The research was conducted by using contact methods through Questionnaire. Interview and Observation. The information was collected from the employees of quality department only.

DATA ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES

The data is analyzed with*1 Simple analysis technique”. The data tool is percentage method.

Percentage method is used in making comparison between two or more criteria. This method is used to describe relationship.

Percentage of Respondents = No. of Respondents/ Total no of Respondents X 100

INDUSTRY PROFILE

Indian textile industry can be compared to a pyramid of ice floating in water. The only one tenth of the pyramid is visible, in the form of large textile mills in the organized sector. The body of the textile pyramid consists of the decentralized power loom and handloom sectors, which account for the bulk of Indians production. The base of the pyramid is the downstream apparel and household textile sectors. The entire pyramid employs about fifteen million £as in 2007, it was estimated 20 million) workers-most of whom work in small firms in the decentralized sector”. Indeed, the structure of the Indian textile industry is as varied and deep-rooted as is its reform, challenging and daunting Indian textile and clothing industry is the largest foreign exchange earner for the country, and employs over 20 million people, second only to agriculture. India cannot afford to let this industry grow sick. That would be nothing short of a human tragedy. Until the era of globalization liberalization was launched at the opening of the current decade, the domestic market was a protected turf, and a sellers market.

However, with the forces of globalization having been unleashed, and accentuated by the coming into force of the WTO in 1995, there is no looking back. The world has changed and is changing. In the borderless world, only the fittest would survive. Indian textile and clothing industry is beset with several shortcomings, in no small measure due to the lop-sided govt. policy in the post- 1 947 India.

But now it must change. It must change if it is not be blows away by the global market forces, both in the international market as well as by imports in the domestic territory.

And contrary to the common refrain of the industrialists in textile industry, the onus of infusing a refreshing change lies more on the industry (firms) than on the government. This is not to be little the significant role of a facilitator that govt alone can provide. But competitive strategy originates at the level of the fiim. No amount of macroeconomic change can make the firms in the industry competitive. The govt. must evolve a national policy, which can act as a general guideline for the firms to define their unique positioning strategy. Given the national environment, the firms must control their own destiny, or someone else will.

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