INTRODUCTION: Human resource is considerer to be the most valuable asset in any organization. It is the sum-total of inherent abilities, acquired knowledge and skills represented by the talents and aptitudes of the employed persons who comprise executives, supervisors and the rank and file employees. It may be noted here that human resource should be utilized to the maximum possible extent, in order to achieve individual and organizational goals. It is thus the employee’s performance, which ultimately decides, and attainment of goals. However, the employee performance is to a large extent, influenced by motivation and job satisfaction
The term relates to the total relationship between an individual and the employer for which he is paid. Satisfaction does mean the simple feeling state accompanying the attainment of any goal; the end state is feeling accompanying the attainment by an impulse of its objective. Job satisfaction does mean absence of motivation at work. Research workers differently described the factors contributing o job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction.
The survey made regarding the job satisfaction in BSNL will facilitate and enables the management to know the perceptions and inner feelings regarding the job they are performing on day-to-day basis. The term job satisfaction reveals and focuses on the likes and dislikes of the employees of BSNL. In this particular study the researchers tries to identify the causes for satisfaction and dissatisfaction among the employees. So this is the most effective and selective instrument for diagnosing and peeping into the employee’s problems.
Job satisfaction survey can give the most valuable information the perceptions and causes. For satisfaction/dissatisfaction among the employees attitude towards job satisfaction may be either positive or negative. This positive feeling can be re-in forced and negative feelings can be rectified. This survey can be treated as the most effective and efficient way, which makes the workers to express their inner and real feelings undoubtedly.
For any future course of action/ development, which involves employee’s participation, is considered. The management will get a picture their employee’s acceptance and readiness. This survey also enables to avoid misinterpretations and helps management in solving problems effectively. It is observed during study some of the employees accepted the proposal survey research.
A perfectly contentment and satisfaction motivates an employees to be confident with a high morale, it is an asset to organization as a whole.
Thus the high motivation and morale of an employee make him to remain in the organization and encourage him to face cut throat competition and gives him enough dynamism to face challenges.
Every human being possess him own unique resource, if properly channels it by supportive and supplement, ultimately for achieving organization goals.
As proper breathing and diet is necessary to healthy human being so as is contentment to the job satisfaction. This contentedness ultimately acts as a key factor to human resource development.
Job satisfaction refers to a person’s feeling of satisfaction on the job, which acts as a motivation to work. It is not the self-satisfaction, happiness or self-contentment but the satisfaction on the job.
Hoppock describes job satisfaction as “any combination of psychological, physiological and environmental circumstances that cause and person truthfully to say I am satisfied with my job.
Job satisfaction is defined as the, “pleasurable emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job as achieving of facilitating the achievement of one’s job values.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The main aim of the study is to analyze and examine level of job satisfaction among the BSNL employees and to know the problems faced by the employees of the various categories. The specific objectives are as follows:
- To present a profile of BSNL and organizational structure etc.,
- To observe the level of satisfaction among of employees relating to the nature of the job and other factors.
- To identify the extent of job satisfaction in the BSNL employees and its impact on the job performance of the employees.
- To evaluate the working environment in BSNL.
- To examine satisfaction regarding the salary and other benefits of its employees.
- To suggest suitable measures to improve the overall satisfaction of the employees in the organization.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
In the survey an attempt has been made to analyze the job satisfaction of employees of BSNL, Warangal.
The Head Office of the BSNL is situated at New Delhi with as Circle Office in the Capital of Andhra Pradesh and a Divisional Office at Warangal District. The study tries to understand the level of satisfaction among the employees of BSNL. It further explains the area on which employees are mostly dissatisfied.
Job satisfaction of the employees has been analyzed on the basis of the following seventeen job related factors.
- Salary and monetary benefits
- Job security
- Promotion policy
- Working environment
- Employees participation in management
- Freedom of expressions
- Nature of job
- Interest taken by superiors
- Superiors and sub-ordinate relationship